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 Rajasthan is one of the 26 states of the republic of India, is situated in the north western part of India. It covers 342,239 square kilometres (132,139 square miles) is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. Rajasthan lies between latitudes 23 degree 3'and 30 degree 12', north and longitudes 69 degree 30' and 78 degree 17', east. The southern part of Rajasthan is about 225 km from the Gulf of Kutch and about 400 km from the Arabian Sea.  Rajasthan is bounded by Pakistan in the west and north-west; by the State of Punjab in the north; by Haryana in the north-east; by Uttar Pradesh in the east, by Madhya Pradesh in the south-east and Gujarat in the south-west.
  It is the land of  Great Indian Thar Desert  (Dharti Dhora ri) 58%, surrounded by beautiful Aravalli hills Range, a land of Forts, and a land of ancient civilization in the banks of Sarsawti river. It is one of the most beautiful states of India which attracts very large number of domestic and foreign tourists in India
  History of Rajasthan has a rich and colorful  history making it one of the most popular tourist destinations in India. Rajasthan was once a part of the world's first and oldest Indus Valley Civilization. Rajasthan was earlier called Rajputana (state of Rajputs) after the ruling class of Rajputs.  It has a glorious history like  Bappa Rawal, Gora - Badal, Samrat Prithvi Raj Chauhan, Maha Rana Pratap Singh, Veer Durga Dass Rathore, Amar Singh Rathore, Rani Padmini, Rao Shekhaji, MeeraBai, Panna Dhai and many more.
  Geographical boundaries
 The Northwestern thorn scrub forests lie in a band around Thar Desert  between the desert and the   Aravalli hills Range in Rajasthan  This region receives less than 750 mm of rain in an average year, and summer temperatures can exceed 45º C in the summer months, and drop below freezing in the winter. The Godwar, Marwar, and Shekhawati regions lie in the thorn scrub forest zone, along with the city of Jodhpur. The Luni River and its tributaries are the major river system of Godwar and Marwar Regions, draining the western slopes of the Aravallis and emptying southwest into the great Rann of Kutch wetland in neighboring Gujarat. The Ghaggar River, which originates in Haryana, is an intermittent stream that disappears into the sands of the Thar Desert in the northern corner of the state. The Aravalli Range and the lands to the east and southeast of the range are generally more fertile and better watered.